General information about Russia
The official name is Russia, the Russian Federation. Russia is located in the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia.
Total Area: Russia is the largest country in the world with an area of 17.1 million square kilometers, stretching nearly 10,000 km from west to east and 4,000 km from north to south.
Population: 146 million (as of October 2002)
State language: Russian (according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the republics have the right to use their own state languages in addition to Russian). Other languages: Ukrainian, Belarusian, Armenian, Tatar, Uzbek, Georgian, over 100 languages in total.
Ethnic groups: More than a hundred nationalities live on the territory of the state. Of these, Russians, Tatars, Ukrainians, Chuvash, Bashkirs, Belarusians, Udmurts, Kazakhs, Moldovans and others predominate.
Capital: Moscow (12.6 million inhabitants as of 2022).
The national currency of the Russian Federation is the ruble.
The main rich area of Russia is a wide strip of black soil extending from the upper Don (Kursk and Orel regions) to the upper Yenisei (Republic of Khakassia). This is where most agricultural production is concentrated, and where the majority of the country’s population lives.
The climate throughout Russia is characterized by a clear division into warm and cold seasons. From north to south, temperature fluctuations decrease and the climate warms up. The eastern part of the country is colder than the western part. The Atlantic Ocean has a significant influence on the west, moderating the climate.
Russia has the longest railroad line in the world. The Trans-Siberian Railway (Transsib) is 9298 kilometers long. Construction began in 1891 and was completed in 1916. It connects Moscow and Vladivostok and passes through 87 cities.
The Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM), is a railroad line in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, one of the largest railroad lines in the world.
“The Golden Ring” is commonly considered a tourist route through Russian cities with unique attractions. Each of them is located in the Moscow area and is considered “worth its weight in gold”, as it is popularly called. The Golden Ring traditionally includes eight major cities – Sergiev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo, Suzdal and Vladimir.
The first man to fly into space was a Russian, Yuri Gagarin.
The dacha is a Russian invention. It all began when Peter the Great introduced the practice of giving courtiers plots of land to build houses for their own use. That’s what the tsar called it – a dacha. In almost all European languages, the word is not translated, but written “dacha”.
In Russia, in the Republic of Dagestan, there is one of the oldest cities in the world – Derbent. The first settlements were established here at the end of the 4th millennium B.C. The modern city was founded in 438 A.D. as a Persian fortress.
The largest forest in the world is located in Russia. It is the East Siberian taiga with an area of 3 900 000 km².
Animals in Russia on gold coins
The treasure of Russia is not only its enormous size and rich underground, but also its unique wildlife. Today, almost 250 animal species are listed in the Red Book of Russia. Many of them are on the verge of extinction.
Save Our World coin series is a series of gold coins and silver coins from Russia. Learn more about this beautiful and highly sought after series here: https://www.rarecoin.de/blog/muenzserie-rettet-unsere-welt-russland/
Famous personalities on the gold coins of Russia
Dionisi Mudry (1440-1502/1503) is a famous Old Russian painter and an outstanding representative of the Moscow school of painting. His iconostases and murals decorated the Cathedral of the Assumption in the Kremlin, the Assumption Monastery (Moscow), the monasteries of St. Joseph and Volokolamsky, and Paphnutyev (near Moscow).
Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky) (1745-1813) – a great military leader, Field Marshal General, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army during the Patriotic War of 1812. He won numerous victories, most famously at the Battle of Borodino.
Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky (1839 – 1888) was a Russian traveler, geographer and naturalist, honorary member of the Russian Geographical Society. He undertook several expeditions to Central Asia, exploring the territory of Mongolia, China and Tibet.
Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol (1809 – 1852) was a classic of Russian literature, writer, dramatist, essayist and critic.
Peter I / Peter the Great (1672-1725) was an outstanding statesman, Moscow tsar of the Romanov dynasty, all-Russian emperor from 1721, and a great reformer. Under him, Russia became the Russian Empire and the state underwent global and important changes.
Andrei Rublev was a Russian iconographer of the Moscow school of iconography, book and monumental painting of the 15th century.
Alexander Pushkin (1799 – 1837) was a Russian poet, dramatist and prose writer who created the foundations of Russian realism, literary critic and theorist; one of the most respected literary figures of the first third of the 19th century.
Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov (1814-1841) was a great Russian poet and prose writer, as well as a gifted artist and dramatist whose works had a great influence on the writers of the 19. and 20. his works are known for the great variety of themes and motifs of his poetry. The poet made an invaluable contribution to the emergence of the realistic novel of the XIX century.
Russian cities and gold coins in honor of them
Moscow – a few interesting facts
Moscow is the capital of Russia is one of the largest cities in Europe and is one of the 10 largest and most expensive cities in the world. Today, according to official figures, almost 13 million people live in the metropolis.
The capital’s main attraction, the Kremlin, is both the largest functioning fortress in Europe and the largest museum in the world. The Kremlin covers 27 hectares of land. The chimes of the Kremlin are the oldest clock in Russia and about 500 years old.
Moscow is home to the largest bell in the world: the Tsar Bell, which weighs over 200 tons. It was cast in 1730 and placed in a pit. In 1737 a fire broke out, which also affected the huge musical instrument. The fire was extinguished with water when a sharp drop in temperature caused an 11.5-ton fragment to jump off the giant. The bell has never rung in its entire history.
Red Square has only indirectly something to do with communism and was named after the Old Russian word “Krasnaya”, which means “beautiful”.
The Moscow Metro, with many beautiful stations, carries an average of 9 million people per day and is the third largest in the world. 10,000 trains run like clockwork: every eight minutes during normal operation, every four during rush hour. This is a world record. Moscow metro stations built in Soviet times are rightly considered the most beautiful in the world.
When Peter the Great came to power, he decided that Moscow should lose its status as the capital. Therefore, from 1712 to 1918, St. Petersburg was considered the most important city of the Russian Empire. However, after the 1918 revolution, the Bolsheviks moved the capital back to Moscow.
There are seven skyscrapers in Moscow, which are called“Seven Sisters” in international travel guides. In Russia they are known as Stalin skyscrapers (they were built during Stalin’s time). These are seven almost identical buildings, which were erected by order of the “Leader of the Nations”.
Three times fewer people live in St. Petersburg than in Moscow.
In terms of population, St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia. The city used to be called “Petrograd” and “Leningrad”. St. Petersburg today is also called the City on the Neva, the Capital of the North, Piter, the City of White Nights, Russia’s Capital of Culture and the Venice of the North.
Between 1712 and 1918 St. Petersburg was the capital of Russia.
St. Isaac’s Cathedral is the largest cathedral in Russia and the fourth largest in the world. The domes of the temple are so large that about 100 kg of pure gold were needed to gild them.
In the famous Hermitage are exhibited about 3 million objects. To see them all, a person would need several years to walk through all the halls. The Hermitage has a large number of cats that protect the museum’s collections from various rodents. It is hard to imagine what would happen if mice and rats had access to the extremely valuable works of art. Each cat has a passport with a photo.
St. Petersburg has the deepest subway in the world. The facts speak for themselves: the tunnels run at a depth of 80 meters, and the longest escalator is over 150 meters.
Veliky Novgorod is one of the oldest cities in Russia and was the first capital. Novgorod is located in the northwest of the country on the Volchov River. It is the center of the birth of the Russian state. Veliky Novgorod is one of the most beautiful and interesting cities in Russia, where unique ancient Russian monuments are preserved, included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Rurik was, according to Russian books, Viking, the governor of Northwest Russia, the Novgorod prince and the ancestor of the Russian princely, later imperial, dynasty Rurikovich.
Theophanes the Greek was a Russian and Byzantine iconographer, painter and miniaturist. It is known for its monumental frescoes. One of the documented works of Theophanes the Greek is the painting of the Church of the Savior in Veliky Novgorod.
Kazan is a city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan and a major port on the left bank of the Volga River at the confluence of the Kazanka River with it.
Yaroslavl is one of the oldest Russian cities, founded in the 11th century and experiencing its heyday in the 17th century. In 2010, the city celebrated its millennial anniversary. The historical center of the city at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosl rivers is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Smolensk is a city in western Russia and the administrative, industrial and cultural center of the Smolensk region. One of the oldest cities in Russia.
Petrozavodsk is a city of national importance in northwestern Russia on the shore of Lake Onega, the capital of the Republic of Karelia.
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In our online store you will find many other collector gold coins from Russia. Many have received the highest grading through PCGS and NGC.
Here is a small selection from our large collection of Russian coins that you can find in our online store: